Literacy development in young children may start before birth. It is well-documented that a child in the womb can distinguish sounds, and by singing or talking to your child, you are developing sound recognition that assists in the formulation of language skills. Evidence indicates that language is a necessary tool for a child's success. As the child grows up, language proficiency becomes the No. 1 predictor of success in adults. So what can we do for young children?
The first three years in a child's life are of great importance to acquiring language skills. The child needs an environment rich in sights and sounds. Infants learn quickly that crying will bring food and comfort. In six months, the child knows the rudimentary sounds of his or her language. By two to three years of age that child has a word for almost anything he encounters. He may also use phrases that contain three or more words.
Literacy development in young children
Here are some strategies to increase a child's literacy development:
- Read to your youngÂ students
- Develop a working vocabulary for small words
- Point to objects and calling out their names
- Teach the alphabet
- Show studentsÂ the printed word
How are teachers involved in literacy development?
Literacy development is a life-long process. Children, from infancy to preschoolers to high school, need to learn how to read, write and speak effectively. Teachers support a child's development in a positive environment that enables a child's natural curiosity about the world. Playtime, the use of crayons, pens and paper, books and paint and brushes extend a child's understanding of language at a critical age. Something as simple as a tape recorder and story time can teach children the sounds and thoughts of others, so as to develop recognition and language skills in the child and provide the ability to play back a recording, whenever the child desires.
An online master's degree in literacy studies has many benefits. A student of literacy studies learns how to open the doors for lifelong learning and opportunity for children. The research-based tools accompanying a master's degree in literacy studies and best practices impact the master's degree student who in turn has a profound impact upon his or her students. You may set your students up for a lifetime of success.
Literacy development is critical to success at all ages, and even more so in young children. The earlier it begins, the better. A child's environment needs to be rich in sights and sounds. Teachers can favorably impact a child's development with a positive environment that enables the child's natural curiosity.
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